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Fundamentals of Flight

Familiarize the student with the fundamentals of flight and the control inputs required for basic maneuvers.

Elements

  • forces of flight
  • controls
  • basic modes of flight

Resources

  • model aircraft
  • whiteboard and markers
  • Airplane Flying Handbook
  • UND standardization manual

Instructor actions

Using guided discussion and aided with the whiteboard and model aircraft, introduce the four forces of flight as well as basic maneuvers.

Student actions

Come prepared with AFH chapter 4 read, homework assignment completed, and participate with the guided discussion.

Completion Standards

The lesson will be complete when the student shows a basic understanding of the four forces and how they affect fundamental flight maneuvers.

Teaching outline

  • the four forces
  • primary flight controls
    • trim
  • basic cockpit instruments
  • cockpit sight picture

Straight and level flight

  • flight control inputs
  • visual references and cross-checking
    • heading: point on the horizon, wingtips, check against DG
    • attitude: nose relative to horizon, artificial horizon, altimeter
  • airspeed, power, and trim
    • effects of different configurations
  • how to avoid overcontrolling
    • how much is too much?

Level turns

  • flight control inputs
  • visual references and cross-checking
    • heading: point on the horizon, wingtips, DG
    • attitude: nose relative to the horizon, artificial horizon
  • airspeed, power, and trim

Straight and climbing turns

Straight and turning descents