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Plan of Action: Instrument Proficiency Check

This is a rough guide for an IPC. Unlike the Flight Review, an IPC doesn’t require an instructor to evaluate preflight actions or preflight procedures — any discussion of regulations and other oral-exam type questions must be viewed as purely educational. The IPC itself can only be passed during a flight.

Requirement per §61.57(d)

Instrument proficiency check. Except as provided in paragraph (e) of this section, a person who has failed to meet the instrument experience requirements of paragraph © for more than six calendar months may reestablish instrument currency only by completing an instrument proficiency check. The instrument proficiency check must consist of the areas of operation and instrument tasks required in the instrument rating practical test standards.

Like all Practical Test Standards, the Instrument Rating standards are available online in PDF format (FAA-S-8081-4E, 290KB).

The Rating Task Table on page 1-vii describes the Areas of Operation an IPC requires:

  1. Preflight preparation (none)
  2. Preflight procedures (none)
  3. ATC Clearances & Procedures
      1. Task: Holding procedures
  4. Flight by Reference to Instruments
      1. Task: Recovery from unusual flight attitudes
  5. Navigation Systems
      1. Task: Intercept & track navigational systems & DME arcs
  6. Instrument Approach Procedures
      1. Task: Nonprecision approach
      1. Task: Precision approach
      1. Task: Missed approach
      1. Task: Circling approach (if airplane)
      1. Task: Landing from a straight-in approach
  7. Emergency operations
    • B, if multiengine. Task: One engine inoperative during straight & level flight & turns
    • C, if multiengine. Task: One engine inoperative instrument approach
      1. Task: Approach with loss of primary flight instruments
  8. Postflight procedures
      1. Task: Checking instruments and equipment

Briefing knowledge areas

  1. FAR Part 91 review
    • Subpart B (instrument flight rules)
    • Subpart C (equipment, instrument, and certificate requirements)
    • Subpart E (maintenance)
  2. Instrument enroute and approach charts
    • SID/DPs
    • STARs
  3. Weather analysis and knowledge
  4. Preflight planning
    • performance data and fuel planning
    • alternates
    • publications and NOTAMS
  5. Aircraft systems related to IFR operations
  6. Aircraft flight instruments and navigation equipment
    • technologically advanced aircraft
    • oxygen and anti- or de-icing equipment
  7. Airworthiness status of aircraft and avionics related to IFR flight
  8. Other areas, as appropriate

Plan of Action & standards

  • Basic proficiency
    • Instrument departure (hood optional)
    • Unusual attitude recovery
    • Holding procedures
      • ±10KIAS, 100’, 10°, 3/4CDI
    • Navigation tracking / use of systems
      • ±10KIAS, 100’, 5°, 1NM
  • Approaches
    • Precision
      • ±10KIAS, 100’, 10°, 3/4CDI
    • Non-precision
      • ±10KIAS, 100’, 10°, 3/4CDI
    • Non-precision, partial-panel
      • ±10KIAS, 100’, 10°, 3/4CDI
    • Missed approach
      • ±10KIAS, 100’, 10°, 3/4CDI
    • Circling
      • +100 -0 until normal approach

Logbook endorsement per §61.57(d)

I certify that John Doe, Private Pilot #1234567, has satisfactorily completed the instrument proficiency check of section 61.57(d) in a Cessna 172 on 01 Jan 2020.

Date, signature, CFI #, exp date