This briefing should develop the student’s understanding of the setup, procedures, and execution of chandelles to improve control smoothness and use of the aircraft at maximum performance. <header class=”lessonIntro”> <section class=”module”>


  • reasons maneuver can improve skills
  • describe execution
  • explain standards
  • common problem areas

</section> <section class=”module”>


  • model aircraft
  • whiteboard and markers
  • Airplane Flying Handbook
  • UND standardization manual

</section> <section class=”module”>

Instructor actions

In a guided discussion, explain the aerodynamics, procedures, and execution for chandelles, using whiteboard illustrations and a model aircraft.

</section> <section class=”module”>

Student actions

Read appropriate chapter and complete homework assignment prior to the briefing. Participate in the guided discussion. </section> </header>

Completion Standards

The student should be able to explain the aerodynamics, procedures, and execution for chandelles.

Teaching outline


  • setup
 * 1,500 ft dual and 2,000 ft solo
 * boost off, gas fullest, gear up, mix rich, prop high
 * entry airspeed of 110 knots
  • bank 30°, power full simultaneously
* gradual pitch-up to 90° point
* pitch held
* gradual bank reduction to 180° point
* complete climb, wings level, at MCA
 * if rolling out to right, left torque effect
 * reduced control effectiveness
 * just below stall, not stalling
* recover


  • coordinated climbing turn to 90° with constant bank
  • constant-rate rollout from 90° to 180° with constant pitch
  • roll out on 180° point ±10°, just above stall airspeed
  • avoidance of stall, recovery with minimum altitude loss